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काठमाडौंमा वायुको गुणस्तर: ९८

Need for a non-interference ombudsman

There is a need for an independent monitoring structure, free from all kinds of interference from the state level, absolute and capable of withstanding party pressure, and including respectable figures from the civil society. In addition to monitoring and alerting all the activities of the state, they can also conduct people-level audits for financial discipline.
मल्ल के. सुन्दर
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The end of faith is the reality of today's politics. The basic ground of party politics is the idea. Principles, methods and arguments. However, the current context says that for the Nepali political circle, loyalty, ideals and beliefs are now limited to the writings that adorn party manifestos, strategies, leaflets, pamphlets, etc.

Need for a non-interference ombudsman

The destruction of feudal power, thinking and culture that has been entrenched for a long time is the surest way for the liberation of the Nepali people and the development of the country. Relying on this, the Nepali people continued to adhere to the direction given by the then political parties and their leadership. Put on strong shoes, go for sacrifice and sacrifice. Thank you.

After the end of the Rana rule, within a period of about eight decades, Nepal has seen such a disruptive ruler, power and system, probably rarely seen elsewhere. To a certain extent, the Nepali mind and brain believed that after overthrowing the old-fashioned, backward, retrogressive power, governance and system, many other things would change in the end. That is, a prosperous, advanced, equitable, just, state-of-the-art construction! Not only the

system but also those holding the reins have changed. A large number of leaders called Khanty revolutionaries, democratic socialists and tyagis came to power. Eight decades was not a short period of time for political transformation. The arrangements changed but the situation did not. However, in the meantime the power, nature, resources, wealth and status of the new political elite changed dramatically. And, in the society, they started to be seen as a wealthy group. On the other hand, during this interval, the people of the land had to wander in the deserts of the Gulf countries for two days. Due to lack, poverty and structural oppression and torture, the majority of the Jamaat in the state were forced to lead a marginalized, excluded and neglected life. Economic poverty, scarcity, disease and hunger remained.

Today there is extreme dissatisfaction and anger among the grassroots activists and supporters towards the same political leaders who were inspired and respected yesterday. And the dreaded apathy is gone. At the same time, the old-fashioned, backward, reactionary groups and the conservatives have started to fight for the end of the current political system established by people's sacrifice, austerity and sacrifice. And without any hesitation, they are raising the absurd story of the restoration of the abandoned monarchy.

It is indisputable that the current constitutional structure which exists till date is forward-looking compared to other constitutions, laws, laws and provisions of Nepal. The rights guaranteed by it are not of the autocratic, undemocratic nature of yesterday. However, these are still incomplete from the point of view of oppressed, backward classes, communities and tribals, tribes, Madhesi, Dalits and minorities. Many modifications, changes, improvements are needed. According to federal values ​​and beliefs, constitutional provisions are incomplete. But this means that advocating the restoration of the autocratic, feudal system of the past, replacing the progressive order in search of an alternative, is in a sense only political dishonesty.

But what some of the sensitive news materials that are now being made public are pointing out, how naive, inefficient, ineffective and disorganized the current state system is. What atrocities are being committed due to some weaknesses and greed in the administration of power, has come to light today. In fact, power and the state apparatus under its supervision are for inspection, control, regulation and punishment or other action. That is the synonym of good governance. But experience doesn't say so.

Unfortunately, all the incidents of corruption, financial misappropriation, illegal transactions, smuggling, law violations that have been happening for a long time, all of them have been seen to be directly involved with the political leadership. Ex-Vice President, Ex-Speaker, Ex-Deputy Prime Minister, Ex-Home Minister, Advisors of Ministers and High Officials, Senior Administrative Officers are now among the accused. Moreover, in some cases even the justices of the court, who are the last resort for justice, have been dragged into the conflict. The former chief commissioner of the Authority Investigation Commission was seen as one of the characters of this episode. Regarding a well-known gold smuggling scandal, a report of a commission submitted to the government recently mentioned that the high-level police officers who are supposed to carry out the main responsibility of the investigation are under suspicion.

When such unfair, illegal and indecent activities are happening, the top faces of the political circles are leading for the defense, cover-up, deception, bribery, pressure/influence of the accused. What else is a moment of self-pity? Where did the integrity, principles and philosophy that those politicians once confessed to the people go? Where did people's revolution, democratic movement and people's war end? The political leadership is responsible for such impunity and legal immunity, bent on partisan interests and unfair financial gains. Due to their wrong behavior and tendencies, there is a danger that the democratic system established by the infinite sacrifices and sacrifices of the people will be destroyed.

s are not the weaknesses of the system, but the condition of the people in leadership roles. This reality is not hidden from anyone. The main problem is the wrong trend, conduct and behavior prevailing in the political circle and deviations in faith, theory, philosophy and ethics. The mentality that everything is legal for power, power and wealth is the cause of the current political eruption.

is one of the main reasons for the bad situation - the lack of effective control, warning and monitoring from the civil level. It is clear that existing state mechanisms and provisions are not sufficient. They are not free from the pressure and influence of power, leaders and parties. Therefore, an effective alternative and solution is strong citizen surveillance. Collective warning from the public. Creation of widespread public opinion and public pressure. Citizen surveillance over the entire activities of the state is in a sense a desirable aspect of the balance of power, protection and operation. Now there is a lack of it in Nepal. Perhaps one of the consequences of this is the current economic indiscipline, administrative inconsistency, judicial chaos and the state system.

People-level monitoring (watchdog) was started a long time ago as a citizen awareness, especially in Scandinavian and some European countries. Now there is a tradition of constant vigilance over the various roles and activities of the state machinery as an ombudsman. That monitoring is not limited to mere formalities, the state itself takes seriously the warnings, vigilance, warnings of the ombudsman. After studying the suggested things, they take it as an opportunity to improve and modify the shortcomings of the state. If necessary, they consider it an opportunity to amend the legal provisions based on the opinions and suggestions received. In this sense, citizen watchdog – the ombudsman is not merely formal or cosmetic, but a responsible and respected body. It is probably because of this type of civil surveillance system that the aspects of economic discipline in those countries are stronger than elsewhere. Until today, different countries of the world have made their own legal provisions for this.

The neighboring country of India also has a system of ombudsmen to perform similar roles. After a long civil protest, the government was forced to introduce a separate Lokpal Bill in Parliament. The provisions regarding Lokpal and Lokayukta have taken legal form since December 2013. Now in India, citizen surveillance has become a kind of constitutional arrangement. However, activists like Anna Hazare, Arvind Kejriwal raised their voices in favor of the Jan Lokpal Bill.

The current coalition government has announced the minimum common political program and promoted good governance as the main issue. In our context, the next priority is the provision of Lokpal. The formation of an independent monitoring structure, free from all interference from the state level, absolute and able to withstand party pressure and including respected figures of civil society. Which will be able to monitor all the activities of the state, in addition to warning, it will also be able to conduct people-level audit for financial discipline. For this, political approval is a basic requirement today. At the same time, it is equally important to create an opinion and create pressure in favor of it from the citizen level. How much eagerness and sincerity the leadership of the coalition shows in this direction, a link of the government's commitment to good governance will be evident.

प्रकाशित : चैत्र ११, २०८० ०७:५९
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