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२३.१२°C काठमाडौं
काठमाडौंमा वायुको गुणस्तर: ११२

Alternative educational policies and programs

It is necessary to encourage the contribution of parents in public schools while ensuring the fundamental right to basic education provided by the constitution. It will go a long way in increasing parental involvement in schools and increasing the effectiveness of school education by demonetizing government investment in education.
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In the government's policies and programs presented by the President to the Parliament, the subjects of the education sector are insufficient. That is why, while appreciating the positive aspects, the 'Alternative Educational Policy and Program' to be adopted in the next fiscal year is presented below for further discussion. It will also give a glimpse of the positive aspects of the presented policies and programs.

Alternative educational policies and programs

Also, there is no mention of complex and revolutionary directions such as publishing the report of the Higher Education Commission, which the government has not made public, or increasing the number or salary of teachers by reducing the expenses of security agencies, or closing private schools, or whether or not to open a new university. Neither issues such as closing foreign relations or not being allowed to keep foreign names have been raised. It is said to be the status quo because the families of the beneficiaries have not entered into the decisions made by the municipalities that their children should be educated in public institutions or the government has started monitoring such as the fact that teachers are not allowed to do politics.

1. Since the school education bill is immature and the parliamentary committee has spent a lot of time on it, it will be withdrawn for rewriting in consultation with the relevant committee or the committee will be provided with considerable technical and writing assistance. As the important bill is in the parliament, the works except those which are clearly instructed by the law and must be done in the new situation have been put in place.

2. Parents' contribution to community schools will be encouraged while ensuring the fundamental right to basic education provided by the constitution. It is expected to go a long way in increasing parental involvement in schools and increasing the effectiveness of school education by demonetizing government investment in education. But in public schools, the distinction made between those who pay and those who do not pay fees is prohibited. Public schools need to pay attention to matters such as accountability to parents and the care and efficiency of young children, not the appearance of private schools such as ties and buses.

Political circles will be encouraged to bring such issues to the public. The school management committees will be activated to represent the sentiments of the parents and use their capacity to participate in decision-making units at every level. Until now, due to the lack of resources and influence, it is difficult for parents to organize themselves effectively, so a minimum subsidy will be arranged for their provincial and federal structures to operate, and municipalities are encouraged to operate municipal structures.

3. The role of non-governmental units in the implementation of compulsory education will be encouraged to operate from the municipality level. I now call on all political party members and fraternal and sister organizations to rise above the party circle and carry out mass mobilization in this work. We haven't had enough opportunity to rally around a common cause since the founding of the Republic. In this context, such an effort is also important to keep the mutual camaraderie alive between us. In this work, non-governmental organizations are called upon to give priority to the work of making compulsory basic education for all those who have reached the age of 5 years, with the consent and coordination of all municipal federations, the Social Welfare Council will be given the role of facilitating this work.

4. Ensuring the arrival of a new generation in education, teachers who have been appointed for five years and who have ten years left to retire, will be given a salary equal to half a month of their leave as a trial period to go on tourism to a province other than their current one during vacation. The destination municipality of the visit will verify such visit and the amount will be paid within two to four weeks after the visit and submission of proof. In this way, the government will mediate to cooperate with the teachers' federation with the concerned parties to give concessions in tourist facilities to the visiting teachers.

5. In addition, the government will instruct teachers who are not engaged in any profession other than subsistence farming to purchase real estate and means of transportation and to take necessary loans for their children to get higher education within the country, to treat them as a priority sector. Arrangements will be made to reserve some places for teachers in all higher education institutions of the country.

6. To make education creative and thoughtful, the ministry will give comprehensive orientation to teachers to change the questions so that competence can be tested rather than memorization in all levels of examinations. The practice of taking and conducting all examinations, except those prescribed by law, will gradually be vested in the teacher. Trusting someone far away from the teacher who teaches is to perpetuate a great colonial mentality.

7. Realizing that the unified curriculum implemented by the government from grades one to three and local subjects are stuck due to the lack of adequate training and guidance, train and mobilize graduate students of the faculty of education in training, monitoring and continuous evaluation, and all non-governmental organizations working on education issues to develop such capacity immediately. will be encouraged.

8. The teachers' examination conducted by the Teachers' Commission will be used and improved to give a glimpse of the questions they should pose to the students. The examination will be implemented as soon as possible after studying and consulting to adopt a new format in order to assess the teacher's passion for teaching rather than only measuring the knowledge of the teacher. In the Rohbar of Teachers Federation, universities will be contracted to take responsibility for training other than the service entry of teachers in a competitive manner. Government-subsidized universities will be given double priority and education faculties of universities that do not meet the minimum competition will be closed or subsidies will be cut.

9. The issue of privately run for-profit or non-profit organizations is a complex one. This adds serious uncertainty to educational planning, particularly in the distribution of educational institutions. By 'zoning' the base area of ​​the parents who are teaching in the respective educational institutions, the pressure and enthusiasm of the parents to add to it will be dampened. Because the parents who do that in those institutions don't put their children in public schools. Despite having to pay the price of losing trust from public institutions, such private educational institutions have largely stopped the government's investment in education in urban areas. If we want to find a quick way out of the current situation, it is necessary to solve it. Therefore, efforts will be made to find a way out by communicating with the private schools along with the relevant legislators to maintain an all-party consensus and make an alternative arrangement for private sector investment.

10. In the process of gradually increasing the facilities of teachers who teach at the primary level (child development to class 5), child care allowance has been arranged from this financial year. An allowance of 40, 30, 20 and 10 percent of the starting salary has been arranged from child education to 3rd grade respectively. In 0-3 level schools that do not have assistants, teachers can take one-third of the assistant's salary, each sharing among themselves, such subsidy will be provided only to the rural municipalities at the discretion of the school management committee. Municipalities, being relatively resource-rich, are also encouraged to make such arrangements, and peer pressure is also invoked. The medium of all child development classes should be conducted in the local multilingual and first language of the students present as much as possible.

11. Community study centers will be developed as local think tanks while maintaining existing funding levels. It will be developed as an immaterial place where the local intellectuals gather and communicate and communicate new ideas and technologies from outsiders and locals in the villages. Local volunteers are encouraged to find time for this in schools, municipalities or other organizations with a public purpose or to use the spaces and squares or their structures. It will be encouraged to develop it as a non-party center for training political party workers on matters such as election or federalism or disaster preparedness, taking it as a unit to maintain harmony with the broader international and national issues and local situations.

12. After reviewing the evaluation system of the municipalities, they will be result-oriented and service-oriented, and especially since they have all the responsibilities at the school level, the evaluation procedures will be modified so that this responsibility and its weight are reflected.

13. Territorialization of the gigantic form of Tribhuvan University will be called upon to convert all kinds of educational institutions under the Tribhuvan University into provincial universities with the current subsidy. Keeping in mind the growing educational unemployment in the country, the University Grants Commission will be assigned to map and transfer or close down all the higher educational institutions in the country by projecting the required manpower. The government will stop the grants given in the subjects or places that are not recommended.

14. Looking at the economic situation of the country and looking at the interest of all parties in education, there is no possibility to increase the budget significantly in education. Assessing how efficient the spending is and who will be responsible for it will be discussed with foreign partners who invest in long-term education and its responsibility will be determined. Expected results are not coming in education. In such a situation, neither the teachers nor the education staff, nor the Minister of Finance and the Minister of Education, nor the Prime Minister or the education units of the political parties in power or the heads of the parties will be found guilty.

– Educationist Bhattarai is associated with Center for Education Policy and Practice.

प्रकाशित : जेष्ठ १३, २०८१ ०८:००
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