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काठमाडौंमा वायुको गुणस्तर: १०७

Metropolis weak in development expenditure

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All the 6 metropolitan cities in the country are weak in development expenditure. After seven months of the current financial year, the capital expenditure of the metropolises is only around one-fourth. The average capital expenditure of metros (26.35 per cent) is better than that of the Union Government (21.16 per cent) but not satisfactory. Even if there are no big disasters like epidemics, natural disasters or other visible problems that hinder the development, it is a matter of concern that the metropolis itself cannot spend the allocated budget.

Metropolis weak in development expenditure

Kathmandu metropolis, which has the largest budget, has the lowest capital expenditure of only 14.11 percent. Kathmandu has allocated 15.65 billion rupees towards capital for the current financial year, but has been able to spend only 2.12 billion 2.5 million rupees by the end of January. Bharatpur, which allocated 3.72 billion 63 million development budget, has spent only 66.72 million rupees, i.e. 17.91 percent. Birgunj, which has the highest capital expenditure, has 34.31 percent progress, where only Rs. 272.2 million has been spent out of the Rs.

Biratnagar has spent 34.15 percent, Lalitpur about 32.70 percent and Pokhara metropolis 24.95 percent. There are not many bodies to be coordinated in local government, because the work is done with small amount of money, the complexity of public procurement laws is reduced, the officials can make their own decisions and implement them, and the scope of work is also limited. Even so, when the capital expenditure of the metropolises is low, two main questions arise - either there is a mistake in the budgeting method of the metropolises, or the implementation capacity is weak.

This is the second annual budget of the incumbent public representatives of the metropolis. The Metropolitan Corporation, which was restructured after the new constitution, is also running in its second term. So we are new, there is no place to say that we have not found the sheep. Even in Lalitpur and Bharatpur, the same faces are repeated in the key positions from last year's elections. Although the head is new in Pokhara, the deputy head is the same. Only Kathmandu, Birgunj and Biratnagar have new leadership. Even if the leadership has one year or 6 years of experience, the progress of development expenditure is almost the same.

In order to make the implementation of the budget effective, the government has made a constitutional and legal arrangement to bring the budget for the next financial year on a certain date long before the start of the new financial year. Union government should bring the budget on June 15, state government on June 1 and local government on June 10. The purpose of setting the date in this way is also to prevent the misuse of the budget for 'asare development' at the end of the financial year. Although the local level started bringing the budget for the next financial year on June 10, the practice of delaying the implementation and increasing the capital expenditure by rushing the work at the end of the financial year has not been improved, which is a matter of concern. According to the Auditor General's latest report, the local level spent only 35.56 percent in June. This trend is certain to be seen in the current financial year as well.

Whether it is the local government or the state or the union, there is a problem that the work cannot progress satisfactorily due to the tendency to delay the development construction contract, to choose the construction contractor based on proximity rather than functionality. Although programs of a certain amount should be done through the consumer committee, the practice is to do them all indirectly through the contractor. The performance is also affected in some places due to the lack of coordination and understanding between the employees and the public representatives, and also among the public representatives. If a program is introduced for cheap popularity without ensuring resources, progress in capital expenditure cannot be seen even if it cannot be implemented.

Budget expenditure measures the efficiency of the metropolis. If the program is announced, the budget allocated but not implemented, the distrust of the local citizens towards the metropolis will increase. Therefore, the current progress in capital expenditure should not be taken for granted. Metropolises should review their programs and allocated budgets.

In the work done through the consumer committee or direct contract, regular monitoring should be done to ensure that the work is completed on time, and the work should also be of good quality. Procedures such as withdrawing money from your side should be made regular and simple. Even if the budget is brought in June, the trend of awarding contracts only after Dasaintihar or creating consumer committees and monitoring only at the time of payment should be improved. The federal government should also provide the budget for the conditional subsidy to the local level in a timely manner. At the end of the financial year, the trend of budgeting by doing poor work must be stopped.

प्रकाशित : फाल्गुन ९, २०८० ०७:२८
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