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Discussion of 'Delhi' and 'Beijing' in power change!

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A year ago, when Congress joined the Pushpa Kamal Dahal-led government after the UML-Maoist alliance broke down, many people commented at that time, 'India's long-standing alliance.' Why is there always a discussion of 'Delhi' and 'Beijing' when there is a change of power in Nepal?

Discussion of 'Delhi' and 'Beijing' in power change!

Especially the Indian media have been broadcasting the news of the changed power equation of Nepal since Monday morning. Experts in geopolitical affairs also explain such power changes as the interest and activism of neighboring countries by connecting them with various developments. It is interpreted by linking India with Congress and China with Communist alliance. Has such an effect been seen this time? Geopolitical expert Chandradev Bhatt says that government change and formation is seen as an ideology in Nepal. 'But now it should not be seen only as an ideology, the government can be changed and formed due to other activities as well.' They believe there is a reason. He mentioned that in the first pamphlet issued by the Nepal Communist Party in 1949, the world was divided into two parts, one led by America and the other led by Russia. "At that time, the communists of Nepal interpreted India as a country carrying American ideas, while they called China a neo-democracy," he said. This is a historical narrative. He said that Delhi and Beijing continue to be discussed in Nepal for both historical and practical reasons. Bhatt, a geopolitical expert, says that the foreigners see it as their own national interest and says that the Nepalese government should also see and interpret it according to their own interests.

If we look at the activities from the historical events until now in the same context, various activities have been confirming this. In some cases, the facts of their direct intervention in Nepal affairs are also shocking. Even the leaders who lead the government of Nepal keep a close or far distance from India and sometimes China, keeping in mind the geopolitical interests. Therefore, with every government change in Nepal, the role of India and China is discussed. While the internal game of the power equation is going on, the intensive meetings of the Indian and Chinese ambassadors in Nepal with the Nepali leaders also show that the interests of India and China are on the surface. This time too, the Indian ambassador Naveen Srivastava met Prime Minister Dahal in Baluwatar and Congress president Sher Bahadur Deuba in Budhanilkanth in the hope of breaking the alliance between Congress and Maoists. Also, the Chinese Ambassador Chan Song was busy in 'marathon' meeting with Prime Minister Dahal, UML President Oli and other communist leaders since two weeks ago. It is said that he played an important role in forming the last left alliance.

If we look at the environment since the promulgation of the constitution in Nepal in 2072, the 'communist alliance' is seen as connecting the northern neighborhood with China and the Congress-led alliance with or without communists with the southern neighborhood India and western countries. After the last general election, a coalition government was formed under the leadership of Maoist Chairman Dahal on January 10, 2079. The Dahal-led government was joined by UML, RASWP and RPP. The coalition government lasted until February 15. After that, Maoist Chairman Dahal reached an alliance with Congress, the first party in Parliament. Prime Minister Dahal did not participate in the 'Boao Forum for Asia' held in China as a default after the alliance with the Congress.

Dahal, who was holding talks with China and India until February 15, intensified his meeting with Indian Ambassador Srivastava after the alliance with Congress. In addition, former ambassador to Nepal and now Indian Foreign Secretary Vinay Mohan Kwatra also held a separate meeting at Baluwatar at night while coming to the meeting of the Foreign Secretary-level mechanism. During the visit of Indian Foreign Minister S. Jaishankar, Dahal decided that 200 million rupees can be directly spent by the Indian Embassy for a project as per India's wish.

The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) program signed by Nepal in 2017 has not progressed in Nepal, but the works of Indian concern were being done. During Prime Minister Dahal's visit to China, China put forward a proposal for BRI project implementation agreement. China also sought Nepal's support in the Global Security Initiative (GCI), a project related to security. But Dahal rejected both the proposals pointing to the Congress in the ruling coalition. Which Beijing did not feel comfortable with.

Recently, Chinese Ambassador Song, who is in Nepal, and visiting Chinese officials have met Prime Minister Dahal and his party leaders several times. According to a Maoist leader, China has the same statement in every meeting, 'It is better if parties of the same ideology move forward together.' China keeps asking the Communists of Nepal to move forward together. Even before the power coalition change on Monday, Chinese Ambassador Song had a meeting with Prime Minister Dahal and UML President Oli in the second week of February. Besides, Song also met with former Prime Minister Jhalnath Khanal. In that meeting, Ambassador Song talked about communist unity and mentioned that parties with the same ideology should move forward together.

There was a dispute between the UML and the Maoists in the CPN on 'Chinese Facilitation' and the Supreme Court brought it back to the old situation. There was a question whether there would be a left coalition or not. Before 2072, Indian ambassadors were seen at the doorsteps of Nepal's top leaders, but since then, Chinese ambassadors have also started to be seen at such doorsteps. The last link of which is the left unity with the election synergy of the two big leftist parties of Nepal UML and Maoist in 2074.

Left unity was broken with the controversy of CPN. While there was a dispute in CPN, it was broken with the visit of Samant Goyal, head of India's spy agency RA. After that, Indian activism in Nepal increased. But after the 2078 general election in Nepal, the left alliance that was about to reunite collapsed after some time. Now it's built again. Which the Congressmen are explaining as 'the government leaning towards Beijing'.

प्रकाशित : फाल्गुन २२, २०८० ०६:५०
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