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काठमाडौंमा वायुको गुणस्तर: ९५

Average capital expenditure is only 18.2 percent

There is a problem with the projects of the physical ministry that gets the highest budget
विमल खतिवडा

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Economic Survey 2080/81 has shown that since the implementation of federalism, the capital expenditure of the government has increased by 18.2 percent annually. The survey revealed that the share of capital expenditure is low as the financial transfer to the state and local levels is accounted for in the current expenditure of the federal government. According to the survey, the subsidies transferred to the provincial and local levels are also spent on capital construction from those levels. It is mentioned in the survey that the size of actual capital expenditure is one-third of the integrated expenditure of the three levels.

Average capital expenditure is only 18.2 percent

In the last financial year (FY) 079/80, the integrated expenditure of the union, state and local levels increased by 11.1 percent to 16 trillion 56 billion 70 million. During this period, the net current expenditure of the three levels increased by 8.5 percent to 9 trillion 32 billion 39 billion. According to the economic survey, the capital expenditure has increased by 7.6 percent to 5 trillion 27 billion 45 million and the expenditure towards financial arrangements has increased by 38.9 percent to 1 trillion 96 billion 23 billion.

The ratio of current expenditure, capital expenditure and financial arrangement among the integrated expenditure of last year is 56.30, 31.85 and 11.85 percent respectively. It is mentioned in the survey that in the total integrated expenditure of this period, the expenditure of union, state and local level was 61.8, 10.8 and 27.4 percent respectively. In that year, 3 trillion 97 billion 36 billion financial transfers were made from the union to the state and local levels. Such transfer from the state to the local level is 26 billion 39 million rupees.

Last year, the revenue collection of union, state and local levels was 10 trillion 42 billion 64 billion. During this period, the revenue used at three levels is 1 trillion 3.35 billion more than the net current expenditure of the three levels (excluding financial transfers), according to the economic survey. Khimlal Devkota, an expert on federalism, says that after the transfer of finances to the state and local levels, the expenditure should be seen accordingly. "Financial transfer to the state and local level is kept under the current title, after it goes to the current title, it should not appear in the union's expenses," he said, "After it is sent to the state and local level, it should be removed from the expense title, even if it is not removed, it may appear like this."

Under the federal government, the Ministry of Physical Infrastructure and Transport has the highest budget. In the current financial year, 1 trillion 31 billion 59 million rupees was allocated for this ministry. Roads, bridges and other infrastructures are built under this ministry. For which sufficient budget is required. But in some projects, despite having a budget, it does not seem to be able to be spent. More problem is in Gaurav's project. The Kathmandu Terai/Madhesh expressway (fast track) is the project that will get the highest budget. 22.5 billion rupees were allocated for this project in the current year. As the amount could not be spent, the project has returned four and a half billion rupees to the Ministry of Finance.

In the 61st annual report of the Auditor General, which was published on Sunday, it has been pointed out that since the Ministry of Materials started the procurement process of construction in the second quarter and concluded the contract in the fourth quarter, the procurement and construction methods and processes are not completed, there is a lack of monitoring and it is difficult to perform quality work. It is mentioned in the Auditor General's report that there has been a decrease in capital expenditure due to the fact that there is no real expenditure and only poor flow and construction work cannot be carried out as per the target. The General Account's suggestion is to increase the expenditure efficiency so that the available resources are used effectively.

Similarly, even after extending the deadline by 300 percent, it has been found that the road plan is incomplete. According to the Auditor General's report, the contract has to be completed within the specified period, even if the deadline is extended several times, the work is not completed. The 27 Division and Planning Office under the Road Department has found that 2.53 billion 64 million has been paid in 115 contracts out of 204 procurement contracts worth 12.25 billion 2 million. In which only 20.71 percent of the agreement has been progressed, it is mentioned in the report of the General Account that those road plans are incomplete.

Construction professionals do not start work according to the contract, do not increase the progress of work and leave work in between, the number and duration of incomplete contracts are increasing. It is suggested by the General Accountant that the construction work should be completed in accordance with the prevailing law and the purchase agreement. In Section 59 of the Public Procurement Act, 2063, the General Accountant has pointed out that if a person who entered into a procurement contract with a public agency leaves the contract without working in accordance with the contract, or if the work does not progress according to the contract, the contract can be terminated and action can be taken and in Section 63, there is a provision to be sent in writing to be blacklisted.

Similarly, the progress in the construction of roads of national pride is less than the last financial year. The construction progress of those roads has been slow until February of the current financial year. Till February of the last financial year, 42 km of the Madhyapahari highway was blacked out. But it is mentioned in the economic survey released on Sunday that only 13 km of black paper till February of the current year. Overall, out of the total distance of 1,879 km, 1,415 km of the road has been paved.

Another proud project, the progress of the Hulaki highway is also not satisfactory. While 36.5 km of roads were paved till February of the financial year 079/80, only 32 km of roads were paved till last February of the current year. The total length of Kaligandaki Corridor of North-South Highway is 447 km. It has been contracted into two sections. According to which, 184 km of the total distance of 245 km of the first section of Gaindakot-Ramdi-Maldhunga has been paved till February.

At this time last year, 120 km of roads were blacked out. Out of the total length of 269 km of the Karnali Corridor, only 4.5 km of road tracks have been opened till last February. While only 3.5 km of road track had been completed till February last year. The total distance of the Koshi Corridor road is 162 km. Out of which 78 km of road has been graveled till last February. Till February of the last financial year, only 15 km of road was gravelled.

प्रकाशित : जेष्ठ १४, २०८१ ०८:३०
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